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200 Articles

Nationalism and Its Logical Foundations

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In the section on "Factors of National Character," Fouillee lists the following "three great factors" as most important for the development of the physical and psychic structure of a people: (1) accumulated inherited tradition; (2) adaptation to the physical environment; (3) adaptation to the social milieu. Socialist ideascame quickly to be linked to the development of a new but growing class of industrial workers,who suffered the poverty and degradation that are so often a feature of earlyindustrialization.

Masada Myth: Collective Memory and Mythmaking in Israel

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Thirdly, Ethiopia registered rapid economic growth in the last ten years. Many towns and villages were occupied by both German and Soviet troops, one after the other. For instance, neoconservatism emerged in the USA in the 1970s and 1980s throughthe recruitment of a number of former-liberals intellectuals, led by Irving Kristol and NormanPodhoretz, who came to believe that societys ills were largely tied up with the spread of a rights-based culture in which citizens had a declining sense of duty and responsibility.

Overseas Chinese, Ethnic Minorities and Nationalism

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That state would normally be the one that coincides with its historic homeland. In their view, others may claim to fight Western imperialism but have, in fact, been seduced by essentially Western ideologies such as nationalism or Marxism, especially the former. However, the term "state nationalism" is often used in conflicts between nationalisms, and especially where a secessionist movement confronts an established nation state. Then there is the psychological suffering that is widespread throughout the supposedly fortunate countries of the West (see paragraphs 44, 45).

Nationalism, Identity and the Governance of Diversity: Old

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This early AN ESSAY IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF HISTORY 275 intimation of a national consciousness was weak. Gramsci([1935] 1971) argued that the capitalist class system is upheld not simply by unequal economicand political power, but by what he termed the ‘hegemony’ of bourgeois ideas and theories. Stipulating that im- migration is permissible only if one is willing to convert fromone national identity to another is also problematic. Each of the thousand black “detainees” was required to pledge to accept a subordinate status with “suspended citizenship” until such time as the “special service inductees” were returned to the country.

The Small Players of the Great Game: The Settlement of

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The term ‘ethnic cleansing’ has come to symbolize the all-too-human realities of conflict between cultural, linguistic and religious group identities.3 We can observe this in communal violence in India, the widespread use of state-directed territorial and population redistribution and political violence in the former Yugoslavia, and genocide in 1 Key studies of the break up of these states into separate titular national states are Valerie Bunce, Subversive institutions: The design and destruction of socialism and the state (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999); Mark Beissinger, Nationalist mobilization and the collapse of the Soviet Union (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002); Lenard J Cohen, Broken bonds: Yugoslavia's disintegration and Balkan politics in transition 2nd ed (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995); Jiri Musil, The end of Czechoslovakia (New York & Budapest: Central European University Press, 1995); 2 Adrian Hastings, The construction of nationhood: Ethnicity, religion and nationalism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), 3. 3 Roger D.

Nationalism in Europe past and present: Actas do Congreso

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The French, he suggested, would need, if they were to adopt the same idea, to make use of the estates with which they were themselves already familiar: the Crown, the aristocratic courts, the Church, the landed nobility and the chartered cities. The other feature is the problem of intentionality. this adds an interesting dimension to the task of interpreting them. nonetheless. Otheranarchists have criticized syndicalism for concentrating too narrowly upon short-term tradeunion goals and therefore for leading anarchism away from revolution and towards reformism.

The Militant Kurds: A Dual Strategy for Freedom (PSI Guides

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The first thesis is the adher- ence thesis which concerns the basic interest people have in adhering to their culture. This bridge is all the more full of dangerous traps and pitfalls as the new regime differs from the old. Classical Marxism, which aimed to abolish and replace capitalism, has thus been seen as a formof fundamentalist socialism, while social democracy is portrayed as revisionist socialism byvirtue of having modified its opposition to private property, the market, material incentives andso on.

Imperial Alchemy: Nationalism and Political Identity in

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As a doctrine, nationalism is both reformist and revolutionary (Smith 1983: 81). They are taught that God is dead, our institutions corrupt, our people racist, our land ruined, our past evil and our future doomed by global warming. And rendering the situation still more dire was the fact that would-be emigrants to the West had their way out severely blocked by anti-immigration laws, most notably by those enacted from 1924 in the United States.

The Making of Modern Lithuania (BASEES/Routledge Series on

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If you're not a yankee, the red, white and blue doesn't belong to you. Spain has moved only partly in the direction of federalism and there is of course a strong political movement in Northern Italy for reform in that direction also. Modern conservatism also borrows from Edmund Burke a concern for tradi-tion, especially in religion. In sharpcontrast, however, Norberto Bobbio (1996) has argued that, since left and right essentially reflectdifferent attitudes towards equality, the terms are far from irrelevant in a world characterized bynew patterns of societal inequality and widening global inequalities. 17.

Readings in American Nationalism

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It cannot be carried out on a nation-by-nation basis. Out of fear that the American institution of slavery would share the same fate, the pamphlet was banned in the south and any slave found in possession of it faced grave consequences. In Britain, where identity and communalism are constantly marketed and mobilised in official discourse, the need to belong to a people, community or cultural group fills a powerful function, and offers dispossessed, powerless people something important to belong to, something above and beyond the dreary monotony of daily life.